What is Omega 3

? What is Omega 3

Omega-3 fatty acids are a family of unsaturated fatty acids whose first double bond is between the third and fourth carbon in the carbon chain. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential for regulating the activities of the human body. But they are not made in the human body.

Omega 3 is composed of three fatty acids: alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosa pentanoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

Alpha-linolenic acid is found in walnuts, chia seeds, some types of beans, vegetables and in soybean oil, canola oil, flaxseed / flaxseed and olive oil. There are two other fatty acids, Eucosa Pentanoic Acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in fish such as salmon, fish oil and fish supplements.

ALA, EPA, and DHA are all from the n-1 (unsaturated third carbon) fatty acids family, which are very important in nutrition. Because they all have multiple unsaturated. The human body is not capable of producing n-1 fatty acids (unsaturated third carbon) from other molecules and must be obtained through special foods.

The human body is only partially capable of forming the 2-carbon ALA chain, the 2-carbon EPA chain and the 2-carbon DHA chain. Among herbal foods, camelina oil and meal, walnut kernels, flaxseed and chia seeds have the highest omega-3 fats.

Omega-3 fatty acids play a vital role in the physiological activities of the body due to their presence in the cell membrane.

Author

مهندس مقیمی

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